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[Java代码] Java自定义协议报文封装 添加Crc32校验的实例

发表于 2018-2-25 08:00:00

刚做完的demo,直接进入主题了,开启两个线程,模拟Socket服务端和客户端通信,将数据封装为指定格式报文发送

代码:

  1. import java.io.IOException;
  2. import java.io.InputStream;
  3. import java.io.OutputStream;
  4. import java.net.InetAddress;
  5. import java.net.ServerSocket;
  6. import java.net.Socket;
  7. import java.net.UnknownHostException;
  8. /**
  9. * Created by SiKang on 2016/4/29.
  10. */
  11. public class CustomData {
  12. public static void main(String args[]) {
  13. //服务端线程
  14. new Thread(new Runnable() {
  15. @Override
  16. public void run() {
  17. try {
  18. //开启服务端Socket
  19. ServerSocket server = new ServerSocket(9000);
  20. //等待客户端连接
  21. Socket socket = server.accept();
  22. InputStream inputStream = socket.getInputStream();
  23. //先得到前两个字节 为报文长度
  24. byte[] lenBytes = new byte[2];
  25. inputStream.read(lenBytes);
  26. short length = bytesToShort(lenBytes);
  27. System.out.println("length: " + length);
  28. //然后得到接下来的四个字节 crc32校验码
  29. byte[] crc = new byte[4];
  30. inputStream.read(crc);
  31. int crc32 = bytesToInt(crc);
  32. //得到剩下的字段 ver、cmd、data
  33. byte[] bytes = new byte[length - 2 - 4];
  34. inputStream.read(bytes);
  35. //根据得到的bytes获取新的Crc32校验码 验证数据是否完整(可以在读取bytes时少读一位,看看能不能通过)
  36. if (crc32 == getCRC32(bytes)) {
  37. System.out.println("Crc32 Right!");
  38. }else{
  39. System.out.println("Crc32 Error!");
  40. return;
  41. }
  42. //取出ver cmd
  43. int ver = Integer.parseInt(byteToHex(bytes[0]), 16);
  44. int cmd = Integer.parseInt(byteToHex(bytes[1]), 16);
  45. //看看ver是否是客户端发送0x05
  46. if (ver == 0x05) {
  47. System.out.println("ver: 0x05");
  48. }
  49. //cmd是否是客户端发送0xff
  50. if (cmd == 0xff) {
  51. System.out.println("cmd: 0xff");
  52. }
  53. //得到剩下的数据字节数,取出data数据
  54. int datalen = length - 2 - 4 - 1 - 1;
  55. byte[] data = new byte[datalen];
  56. int index = 1;
  57. for (int i = 0; i < datalen; i++) {
  58. data[i] = bytes[++index];
  59. }
  60. String str = new String(data);
  61. System.out.println("data: " + str);
  62. inputStream.close();
  63. } catch (IOException e) {
  64. e.printStackTrace();
  65. }
  66. }
  67. }).start();
  68. //客户端线程
  69. new Thread(new Runnable() {
  70. @Override
  71. public void run() {
  72. try {
  73. //连接服务端
  74. Socket socket = new Socket(getIpAddress(), 9000);
  75. OutputStream outputStream = socket.getOutputStream();
  76. String str = "Hellow World!";
  77. byte[] data = str.getBytes();
  78. //发送报文
  79. pack(outputStream, (byte) 0xff, data, data.length);
  80. outputStream.flush();
  81. outputStream.close();
  82. } catch (IOException e) {
  83. e.printStackTrace();
  84. }
  85. }
  86. }).start();
  87. }
  88. /**
  89. *封装并发送报文
  90. *这里报文格式为{报文总长度[2字节],Crc32校验码[4字节],ver版本信息[1字节],cmd指令[1字节],data数据内容[若干字节]}
  91. */
  92. private static void pack(OutputStream out, byte cmd, byte[] data, int len) {
  93. try {
  94. //先得到报文总长度,如上介绍的格式 字节数相加
  95. short totalSize = (short) (2 + 4 + 1 + 1 + len);
  96. //输出报文长度
  97. out.write(shortToByte(totalSize), 0, 2);
  98. //需要校验的字段
  99. byte[] bytes = new byte[1 + 1 + len];
  100. int index = 0;
  101. bytes[index++] = 0x05;//版本号(这里是写死的)
  102. bytes[index++] = cmd;//cmd指令
  103. //数据内容
  104. for (int i = 0; i < len; i++) {
  105. bytes[index++] = data[i];
  106. }
  107. //得到ver、cmd、data的crc32校验码(Crc32算法在最下边,网上找的.....)
  108. byte[] crc32 = intToBytes(getCRC32(bytes));
  109. //输出crc校验码
  110. out.write(crc32, 0, crc32.length);
  111. //输出ver、cmd、data
  112. out.write(bytes, 0, bytes.length);
  113. } catch (IOException e) {
  114. e.printStackTrace();
  115. }
  116. }
  117. /**
  118. * 得到本机IP
  119. */
  120. private static String getIpAddress() throws UnknownHostException {
  121. InetAddress address = InetAddress.getLocalHost();
  122. return address.getHostAddress();
  123. }
  124. /**
  125. * int转byte[]
  126. */
  127. public static byte[] intToBytes(int value) {
  128. byte[] bytes = new byte[4];
  129. bytes[3] = (byte) (value >> 24);
  130. bytes[2] = (byte) (value >> 16);
  131. bytes[1] = (byte) (value >> 8);
  132. bytes[0] = (byte) (value >> 0);
  133. return bytes;
  134. }
  135. /**
  136. * short转byte[]
  137. */
  138. public static byte[] shortToByte(short value) {
  139. byte[] bytes = new byte[2];
  140. bytes[1] = (byte) (value >> 8);
  141. bytes[0] = (byte) (value >> 0);
  142. return bytes;
  143. }
  144. /**
  145. * byte转16进制
  146. */
  147. public static String byteToHex(byte b) {
  148. int i = b & 0xFF;
  149. return Integer.toHexString(i);
  150. }
  151. /**
  152. * byte[]转int
  153. */
  154. public static int bytesToInt(byte[] bytes) {
  155. return (int) ((((bytes[3] & 0xff) << 24)
  156. | ((bytes[2] & 0xff) << 16)
  157. | ((bytes[1] & 0xff) << 8) | ((bytes[0] & 0xff) << 0)));
  158. }
  159. /**
  160. * byte[]转short
  161. */
  162. public static short bytesToShort(byte[] bytes) {
  163. return (short) (((bytes[1] << 8) | bytes[0] & 0xff));
  164. }
  165. /**
  166. * 得到CRC32校验码
  167. */
  168. public static int getCRC32(byte[] bytes) {
  169. int[] table = {
  170. 0x00000000, 0x77073096, 0xee0e612c, 0x990951ba, 0x076dc419, 0x706af48f, 0xe963a535, 0x9e6495a3,
  171. 0x0edb8832, 0x79dcb8a4, 0xe0d5e91e, 0x97d2d988, 0x09b64c2b, 0x7eb17cbd, 0xe7b82d07, 0x90bf1d91,
  172. 0x1db71064, 0x6ab020f2, 0xf3b97148, 0x84be41de, 0x1adad47d, 0x6ddde4eb, 0xf4d4b551, 0x83d385c7,
  173. 0x136c9856, 0x646ba8c0, 0xfd62f97a, 0x8a65c9ec, 0x14015c4f, 0x63066cd9, 0xfa0f3d63, 0x8d080df5,
  174. 0x3b6e20c8, 0x4c69105e, 0xd56041e4, 0xa2677172, 0x3c03e4d1, 0x4b04d447, 0xd20d85fd, 0xa50ab56b,
  175. 0x35b5a8fa, 0x42b2986c, 0xdbbbc9d6, 0xacbcf940, 0x32d86ce3, 0x45df5c75, 0xdcd60dcf, 0xabd13d59,
  176. 0x26d930ac, 0x51de003a, 0xc8d75180, 0xbfd06116, 0x21b4f4b5, 0x56b3c423, 0xcfba9599, 0xb8bda50f,
  177. 0x2802b89e, 0x5f058808, 0xc60cd9b2, 0xb10be924, 0x2f6f7c87, 0x58684c11, 0xc1611dab, 0xb6662d3d,
  178. 0x76dc4190, 0x01db7106, 0x98d220bc, 0xefd5102a, 0x71b18589, 0x06b6b51f, 0x9fbfe4a5, 0xe8b8d433,
  179. 0x7807c9a2, 0x0f00f934, 0x9609a88e, 0xe10e9818, 0x7f6a0dbb, 0x086d3d2d, 0x91646c97, 0xe6635c01,
  180. 0x6b6b51f4, 0x1c6c6162, 0x856530d8, 0xf262004e, 0x6c0695ed, 0x1b01a57b, 0x8208f4c1, 0xf50fc457,
  181. 0x65b0d9c6, 0x12b7e950, 0x8bbeb8ea, 0xfcb9887c, 0x62dd1ddf, 0x15da2d49, 0x8cd37cf3, 0xfbd44c65,
  182. 0x4db26158, 0x3ab551ce, 0xa3bc0074, 0xd4bb30e2, 0x4adfa541, 0x3dd895d7, 0xa4d1c46d, 0xd3d6f4fb,
  183. 0x4369e96a, 0x346ed9fc, 0xad678846, 0xda60b8d0, 0x44042d73, 0x33031de5, 0xaa0a4c5f, 0xdd0d7cc9,
  184. 0x5005713c, 0x270241aa, 0xbe0b1010, 0xc90c2086, 0x5768b525, 0x206f85b3, 0xb966d409, 0xce61e49f,
  185. 0x5edef90e, 0x29d9c998, 0xb0d09822, 0xc7d7a8b4, 0x59b33d17, 0x2eb40d81, 0xb7bd5c3b, 0xc0ba6cad,
  186. 0xedb88320, 0x9abfb3b6, 0x03b6e20c, 0x74b1d29a, 0xead54739, 0x9dd277af, 0x04db2615, 0x73dc1683,
  187. 0xe3630b12, 0x94643b84, 0x0d6d6a3e, 0x7a6a5aa8, 0xe40ecf0b, 0x9309ff9d, 0x0a00ae27, 0x7d079eb1,
  188. 0xf00f9344, 0x8708a3d2, 0x1e01f268, 0x6906c2fe, 0xf762575d, 0x806567cb, 0x196c3671, 0x6e6b06e7,
  189. 0xfed41b76, 0x89d32be0, 0x10da7a5a, 0x67dd4acc, 0xf9b9df6f, 0x8ebeeff9, 0x17b7be43, 0x60b08ed5,
  190. 0xd6d6a3e8, 0xa1d1937e, 0x38d8c2c4, 0x4fdff252, 0xd1bb67f1, 0xa6bc5767, 0x3fb506dd, 0x48b2364b,
  191. 0xd80d2bda, 0xaf0a1b4c, 0x36034af6, 0x41047a60, 0xdf60efc3, 0xa867df55, 0x316e8eef, 0x4669be79,
  192. 0xcb61b38c, 0xbc66831a, 0x256fd2a0, 0x5268e236, 0xcc0c7795, 0xbb0b4703, 0x220216b9, 0x5505262f,
  193. 0xc5ba3bbe, 0xb2bd0b28, 0x2bb45a92, 0x5cb36a04, 0xc2d7ffa7, 0xb5d0cf31, 0x2cd99e8b, 0x5bdeae1d,
  194. 0x9b64c2b0, 0xec63f226, 0x756aa39c, 0x026d930a, 0x9c0906a9, 0xeb0e363f, 0x72076785, 0x05005713,
  195. 0x95bf4a82, 0xe2b87a14, 0x7bb12bae, 0x0cb61b38, 0x92d28e9b, 0xe5d5be0d, 0x7cdcefb7, 0x0bdbdf21,
  196. 0x86d3d2d4, 0xf1d4e242, 0x68ddb3f8, 0x1fda836e, 0x81be16cd, 0xf6b9265b, 0x6fb077e1, 0x18b74777,
  197. 0x88085ae6, 0xff0f6a70, 0x66063bca, 0x11010b5c, 0x8f659eff, 0xf862ae69, 0x616bffd3, 0x166ccf45,
  198. 0xa00ae278, 0xd70dd2ee, 0x4e048354, 0x3903b3c2, 0xa7672661, 0xd06016f7, 0x4969474d, 0x3e6e77db,
  199. 0xaed16a4a, 0xd9d65adc, 0x40df0b66, 0x37d83bf0, 0xa9bcae53, 0xdebb9ec5, 0x47b2cf7f, 0x30b5ffe9,
  200. 0xbdbdf21c, 0xcabac28a, 0x53b39330, 0x24b4a3a6, 0xbad03605, 0xcdd70693, 0x54de5729, 0x23d967bf,
  201. 0xb3667a2e, 0xc4614ab8, 0x5d681b02, 0x2a6f2b94, 0xb40bbe37, 0xc30c8ea1, 0x5a05df1b, 0x2d02ef8d,
  202. };
  203. int crc = 0xffffffff;
  204. for (byte b : bytes) {
  205. crc = (crc >>> 8 ^ table[(crc ^ b) & 0xff]);
  206. }
  207. crc = crc ^ 0xffffffff;
  208. return crc;
  209. }
  210. }
复制代码

运行结果:

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