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[Oracle数据库] Linux环境下oracle数据库Rman备份异机恢复

发表于 2018-1-25 08:00:00

备份的数据库和要恢复的数据库OS和数据库的版本均一致,恢复的目录也均一致!
备份数据库:
RMAN> backup format ‘/home/oracle/scripts/full_prod.%U’ database plus archivelog;
备份控制文件:
RMAN> backup current CONTROLFILE format '/home/oracle/scripts/control.%U';
确认所有文件夹路径,备库最好要创建和源库一样的路径,否则需要指定路径。
SYS@PROD> select name from v$datafile;
SYS@PROD> select member from v$logfile;
SYS@PROD> select name from v$controlfile;
传输spfile到要恢复的服务器
[oracle@wangxx1 dbs]$ scp spfilePROD.ora 172.16.12.117:/u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/dbhome_1/dbs
SYS@PROD> create pfile from spfile;
根据pfile文件位置创建相应的目录
[oracle@wangxx2 ~]$ mkdir -p /u01/app/oracle/oradata/PROD/
[oracle@wangxx2 dbs]$ mkdir -p /u01/app/oracle/admin/PROD/adump
传输备份文件到相同位置
[oracle@wangxx1 scripts]$ scp full 172.16.12.117:/home/oracle/scripts
[oracle@wangxx1 scripts]$ scp control
172.16.12.117:/home/oracle/scripts
从指定备份集恢复控制文件
[oracle@wangxx2 scripts]$ rman target /
Recovery Manager: Release 11.2.0.4.0 - Production on Mon Jan 8 10:14:24 2018
Copyright (c) 1982, 2011, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
connected to target database: PROD (not mounted)
RMAN> set DBID=358601116
RMAN> restore CONTROLFILE from '/home/oracle/scripts/control.07so5c0l_1_1';
Starting restore at 08-JAN-18
using target database control file instead of recovery catalog
allocated channel: ORA_DISK_1
channel ORA_DISK_1: SID=10 device type=DISK

channel ORA_DISK_1: restoring control file
channel ORA_DISK_1: restore complete, elapsed time: 00:00:01
output file name=/u01/app/oracle/oradata/PROD/control01.ctl
output file name=/u01/app/oracle/oradata/PROD/control02.ctl
Finished restore at 08-JAN-18
RMAN> restore database;
RMAN> recover database;
Starting recover at 08-JAN-18
using channel ORA_DISK_1
using channel ORA_DISK_2

starting media recovery

RMAN-00571: ===========================================================
RMAN-00569: =============== ERROR MESSAGE STACK FOLLOWS ===============
RMAN-00571: ===========================================================
RMAN-03002: failure of recover command at 01/08/2018 11:23:34
RMAN-06053: unable to perform media recovery because of missing log
RMAN-06025: no backup of archived log for thread 1 with sequence 49 and starting SCN of 2002997 found to restore
报错属于正常,因为联机日志没有拷贝过来!
RMAN> alter database open resetlogs;
database opened
SYS@PROD> select status from v$instance;

STATUS

OPEN



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